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Information for Location Decisions

The Global Production Scoreboard


The Global Production Scoreboard facilitates comparisons between leading emerging and frontier economies in terms of their potential and performance as production locations in the manufacturing sector.

Scoreboard Indicators

Labour cost [+]

Skill base [+]

R&D capacity [+]

Infrastructure [+]

Government [+]

Local demand potential [+]

Foreign market access [+]

Export growth [+]

Export diversity [+]

High, medium and low-tech exports [+]

General definitions

Emerging and frontier economies are defined as countries with a per-capita income not exceeding USD 20.000 in 2012.

Manufacturing industries are defined in terms of their output, comprising the product categories of Sections 5 8 (minus Division 68) of the Standard International Trade Classification (Rev. 3).

Under 'Key economic data', we report the most recent public data available at the time of the Scoreboard update.

The annual change in inward investment flow is calculated as the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) over the last five years for which data is available.

Main data sources

CIA, World Fact Book

Heritage Foundation, Index of Economic Freedom Rankings

ILO, International Labour Statistics Yearbook

IMD, World Competitiveness Yearbook

OECD, Science and Technology Indicators

Transparency International, Corruption Perception Index

UBS, Prices and Earnings Around the Globe

UNCTAD, World Investment Report

UNESCO, Statistical Databases

UNIDO, Industrial Development Report

UNSD, International Trade Statistics Databases

US Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Comparisons of Hourly Compensation Costs for Production Workers in Manufacturing

US Patent and Trademark Office, Patent Counts by Country and Year

WEF, Global Competitiveness Report

World Bank, World Development Indicators

WTO, International Trade Statistics


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