Global Production Research

Insights into the New Manufacturing Locations

The Global Production Scoreboard Method & data

The Global Production Scoreboard benchmarks emerging economies on key indicators of supply capacity and competitiveness.


Emerging economies (EME) are defined as countries with a per-capita income not exceeding USD 20.000 in 2017.

Manufacturing industries are defined in terms of their output, comprising all of the product categories of Sections 5 8 (minus Division 68) of the Standard International Trade Classification (Rev. 3).


Labour cost [+]

Skill base [+]

R&D capacity [+]

Infrastructure [+]

Government [+]

Local demand potential [+]

Foreign market access [+]

Export growth [+]

Export diversity [+]

High and medium-tech exports []

This indicator shows the technology composition of a country's manufactured exports.

Indicator values are calculated as the shares (in %) of high and medium-tech products, respectively, in a country's manufactured exports.

Our classification of high and medium-tech products uses a categorization of products by technology level employed by UNIDO (covering about 90% of the total value of EME manufactured exports).


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