Insights into the New Manufacturing Locations

The Global Production Scoreboard Method & data


The Global Production Scoreboard supports the benchmarking of emerging and frontier economies (EFE) as manufacturing locations.


The Scoreboard comprises a range of potential and performance-related indicators being selected to provide deep insights into EFE supply capacity and competitiveness.

EFE are defined as countries with a per-capita income not exceeding USD 20.000 in 2017. Manufacturing industries are defined in terms of their output, covering the product categories of Sections 5 8 (minus Division 68) of the Standard International Trade Classification (Rev. 3).


Labour cost [+]

Skill base [+]

R&D capacity [+]

Infrastructure [+]

Government [+]

Local demand potential [+]

Foreign market access [+]

Export growth [+]

Export diversity [+]

High and medium-tech exports []

This indicator shows the technology composition of a country's manufactured exports.

Indicator values are calculated as the shares (in %) of high and medium-tech products, respectively, in a country's manufactured exports.

Our classification of high and medium-tech products uses a categorization of products by technology level employed by UNIDO (covering about 90% of the total value of EFE manufactured exports).


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