Global Production Research

The Global Production Scoreboard Method & data

The Global Production Scoreboard benchmarks leading emerging and frontier economies across key indicators of supply capacity and competitiveness.


Labour cost [+]

Skill base [+]

R&D capacity [+]

Infrastructure [+]

Government [+]

Local demand potential [+]

Foreign market access []

This indicator measures a country's openness to international trade, affecting the potential for domestically produced goods to enter foreign markets.

Indicator values are based on the sum of the values of a country's exports and imports of goods and services as a share of GDP. This share is converted to score values (ranging from 0.000 to 1.000).

Export growth [+]

Export diversity [+]

High and medium-tech exports [+]


Emerging and frontier economies are defined as countries with a per-capita income not exceeding USD 20.000 in 2017.

Manufacturing industries are defined in terms of their output, comprising the product categories of Sections 5 8 (minus Division 68) of the Standard International Trade Classification (Rev. 3).

Data sources

CIA, World Fact Book

Heritage Foundation, Index of Economic Freedom Rankings

ILO, International Labour Statistics Yearbook

IMD, World Competitiveness Yearbook

OECD, Science and Technology Indicators

Transparency International, Corruption Perception Index

UBS, Prices and Earnings Around the Globe

UNCTAD, World Investment Report

UNESCO, Statistical Databases

UNIDO, Industrial Development Report

UNSD, International Trade Statistics Databases

US Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Comparisons of Hourly Compensation Costs for Production Workers in Manufacturing

US Patent and Trademark Office, Patent Counts by Country and Year

WEF, Global Competitiveness Report

World Bank, World Development Indicators

WTO, International Trade Statistics


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