Global Production Research

Insights into the New Manufacturing Locations

The Global Production Scoreboard Method & data

The Global Production Scoreboard benchmarks emerging economies on key indicators of supply capacity and competitiveness.


Emerging economies (EME) are defined as countries with a per-capita income not exceeding USD 20.000 in 2017.

Manufacturing industries are defined in terms of their output, comprising all of the product categories of Sections 5 8 (minus Division 68) of the Standard International Trade Classification (Rev. 3).


Labour cost [+]

Skill base [+]

R&D capacity []

This indicator shows a country's capacity for inventing or developing new and improved products and production processes.

Indicator values are based on indices of (a) R&D expenditures as a share of GDP (weight = 0.50), and (b) the number of US patent applications per capita (weight = 0.50).

The indices are normalised and converted to composite score values (from 0.000 to 1.000).

Infrastructure [+]

Government [+]

Local demand potential [+]

Foreign market access [+]

Export growth [+]

Export diversity [+]

High and medium-tech exports [+]


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