Global Production Research

Insights into the New Manufacturing Locations

The Global Production Scoreboard Method & data

The Global Production Scoreboard benchmarks emerging economies on key indicators of supply capacity and competitiveness.


Emerging economies (EME) are defined as countries with a per-capita income not exceeding USD 20.000 in 2017.

Manufacturing industries are defined in terms of their output, comprising all of the product categories of Sections 5 8 (minus Division 68) of the Standard International Trade Classification (Rev. 3).


Labour cost [+]

Skill base []

This indicator shows the educational level of the labour force, affecting a country's potential for modern, technology-based industrial activities.

Indicator values are based on the Harbinson-Myers Skills Index. The index is defined as secondary school enrollment plus enrollment in tertiary eduction multiplied by five, both expressed as a percentage of the relevant age group.

Harbinson-Myers Skills Index values are converted to score values (from 0.000 to 1.000).

R&D capacity [+]

Infrastructure [+]

Government [+]

Local demand potential [+]

Foreign market access [+]

Export growth [+]

Export diversity [+]

High and medium-tech exports [+]


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