Global Production Research

Industry Trend Charts Method & data

Our Industry Trend Charts show supply trends and source-country positions by product group in exports from emerging and frontier economies.

Content of charts

Chart 1: World, EFE and China exports [+]

Chart 2: EFE and China export shares of key product groups [+]

Chart 3: EFE exports to global and low-income markets [+]

Chart 4: Exports by EFE source country [+]

Chart 5: Competitive positions of EFE source countries []

This chart shows the relative positions of the leading EFE source countries in the industry in terms of (a) export value, (b) strength of specialisation, and (c) export growth rate.

Strength of specialisation refers to the weight of the industry in a country's total exports of manufactures relative to that of all EFEs. An above-average index value implies the existence of a "good fit" between the country's cost and operating conditions and the specific requirements for competitiveness in the industry.

The rate of export growth is calculated as the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) in exports over the preceding five-year period. An above-average export growth rate reflects recent relative improvements in a country's cost and operating conditions, allowing domestic suppliers to expand their export market shares.

Scope of analysis

Industry Trend Charts provide insights into global supply trends and source-country competitive positions as reflected in cross-border trade flows.

In an economic environment with low barriers to trade, decisions to invest in new production facilities must address the strengths and weaknesses of alternative locations of production. And, locations must be chosen that allow suppliers to compete with industry leaders at home and abroad. Analogously, flows of cross-border trade reflect the views of investors on the advantages of one country over another as locations of production in a given line of activity.

Our analysis is based on international trade data. This allows for meaningful comparisons of export flows between source countries at a similar level of development and over a limited period of time. However, it does not allow for any conclusions concerning the economic significance of trade flows i.e the value added involved and its distribution between importing and exporting countries.

General definitions

Emerging and frontier economies are defined as countries with a per-capita income not exceeding USD 20.000 in 2012.

Manufacturing industries are defined in terms of their output, comprising the product categories of Sections 5 8 (minus Division 68) of the Standard International Trade Classification (Rev. 3).

Main data sources

UNCTAD, World Investment Report

UNSD, International Trade Statistics Databases

World Bank, World Development Indicators

WTO, International Trade Statistics


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